HUIZINGA, Johan


HUIZINGA, Johan
(1872–1945)
   Historian. After his studies in Germanics at Groningen University, Huizinga wrote his doctoral thesis “The Vidusaka in Indian Theater” in 1897. The same year, Huizinga—who as a young student had shown vivid interest in mod ern poetry and painting (e.g., that of Jan Toorop and Vincent van Gogh)—became a teacher of history in Haarlem. In 1905, he was appointed professor of general and Dutch history at Groningen Uni versity. In his inaugural lecture, “The Aesthetic Element of Historical Ideas,” he presented some leading thoughts, which determined his later historical works. Visualization was, in his opinion, a prerequi site for the creation of historical concepts. From 1914 to 1942, he was professor of history at Leiden University. During this period, he gained international fame with his books The Waning of the Middle Ages (1919) and Erasmus (1924). Criticism of modern culture was a topic that he touched on in several publications on his visits to the United States in 1918 and 1927 and in In de schaduw van morgen [In the Shadow of Tomorrow, 1935], translated into German by the Swiss historian Werner Kaegi (1901–1979), who also published other works by Huizinga. Among his correspondents were anthropologist Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski (1884–1942), classicist Percy Stafford Allen (1869–1933), and French historian Gabriel Hanotaux (1853–1944)
   See also Historiography.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Huizinga, Johan — born Dec. 7, 1872, Groningen, Neth. died Feb. 1, 1945, De Steeg Dutch historian. He was professor of history at Groningen (1905–15) and then at Leiden until 1942, when he was held as a hostage by the Nazis; he remained under open arrest until his …   Universalium

  • Huizinga,Johan — Hui·zing·a (hīʹzĭng ə, houʹzĭng KHä), Johan. 1872 1945. Dutch historian known for his writing on the late Middle Ages, especially The Waning of the Middle Ages (1919). * * * …   Universalium

  • Huizinga, Johan — (7 dic. 1872, Groninga, Países Bajos–1 feb. 1945, De Steeg). Historiador holandés. Fue profesor de historia en Groninga (1905–15) y luego en Leiden hasta 1942, cuando fue tomado como rehén por los nazis; permaneció bajo arresto domiciliario hasta …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johan Huizinga — [ˈjoːɦɑn ɦœyzɪŋɣaː] (* 7. Dezember 1872 in Groningen, Niederlande; † 1. Februar 1945 in De Steeg bei Arnheim) war ein niederländischer Kulturhistoriker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johan Huizinga — (7 décembre 1872 à Groningue 1er février 1945 à De Steeg) est un historien néerlandais, spécialiste de l’histoire culturelle dans la lignée de Jacob Burckhardt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johan Huizinga — Nacimiento 7 de diciembre de 1872 Groninga …   Wikipedia Español

  • HUIZINGA (J.) — HUIZINGA JOHAN (1872 1945) Le plus grand historien néerlandais du XXe siècle était le fils d’un célèbre professeur de physiologie à l’université de Groningue. Johan Huizinga naquit dans cette ville où il commença par étudier, de 1891 à 1895, les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Johan — (as used in expressions) Johan Jonaton Björling Karl Johan Huizinga Johan Ibsen Henrik Johan Johan Maurits van Nassau Oldenbarnevelt Johan van Runeberg Johan Ludvig Johan Julius Christian Sibelius Strindberg Johan August * * * …   Universalium

  • Johan — (as used in expressions) Johan Jonaton Björling Karl Johan Huizinga, Johan Ibsen, Henrik (Johan) Johan Maurits van Nassau Oldenbarnevelt, Johan van Runeberg, Johan Ludvig Johan Julius Christian Sibelius Strindberg, (Johan) August …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johan Huizinga — (pronounced|joːhɑn hœyzɪŋxaː) (December 7, 1872 February 1, 1945), a Dutch historian, was one of the founders of modern cultural history. Born in Groningen, he started out as a student of Comparative linguistics, gaining a good command of… …   Wikipedia